MUSIC LESSONS - BRASS
Brass instruments have been around in one form or another for thousands of years. They've played a part in historical military campaigns, religious ceremonies, and the development of music around the world. All brass instruments produce sound through the vibration of the player’s lips. Musicians alter their pitch by vibrating their lips at different speeds into the instrument’s mouthpiece.The brass family consists of 5 major instruments with many other similar variations on them.
The Trumpet/ Cornet are two different instruments but their differences are so trivial, beginning band teachers don´t distinguish between the two. These instruments are the highest and smallest members of the brass family.
The French Horn is somewhat larger than a trumpet so it’s pitched lower. It´s a beautiful sounding instrument but beginners should be aware that this is a challenging instrument to learn and there is a need for dedicated practice.
The Trombone is considered 'low brass' and reads from the bass clef, opposed to the higher treble clef that is read by the higher instruments. The trombone is a brass instrument with a unique feature. Rather than valves or keys that are pushed with the fingertips, the trombone uses a slide to change pitches.
The Baritone/ Euphonium are two separate instruments but the difference is minor. A baritone usually has three valves where as Euphonium can have three or four valves. In concert bands Baritone horns and Euphoniums sit with the trombones, they have a similar range and usually play the same parts.
The Tuba/ Sousaphone are two separate instruments and due to traditional tubas being difficult to walk with, many marching bands use a sousaphone—a specialized tuba that fits around the body of the musician—which was named for famed march composer John Philip Sousa. These are the largest and lowest instruments of the brass family.
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